«Work on reduction of administrative barriers goes effectively»
Roman Lyabihov on the effect of reducing administrative procedures in construction, transferring public services to the electronic form and the complexities of interaction with network companies
Work to reduce administrative barriers in construction, which has been conducted for several years by the Moscow government in conjunction with federal structures, is primarily aimed at developers. As expected, this will allow them to reduce the cost and construction lines, which will affect both the end-customers of their products and the investment attractiveness of Moscow. The effect of the builders in the interview to the portal “Stroimprosto” was told by General Director of the Atlant Group Roman Lyabihov.
– What are the advantages of translating state services in construction into an electronic form for the activities of your company? Did you feel the effect of this initiative?
Translation of state services into electronic form has led to several improvements. First, the time for obtaining the necessary permits and approvals has been reduced. For example, the conclusion on the conformity of the object (AIA) of construction can now be obtained twice as fast as when the documents were submitted in paper form. At the same time the terms of the service are fixed in the personal account.
Secondly, the procedure for filing an application and receiving documents has become more transparent. All the necessary information on which documents must be submitted, the rules for processing appeals, etc., can be found on the same site of government services. In addition, in a number of cases it is possible to obtain the result in an electronic form, protected by a digital signature, and dispense altogether without visiting the MFC.
Thirdly, additional “barriers” disappeared in the chain of obtaining documentation. Previously, the human factor played a role. Now the subjective view has disappeared from the chain in the form of possible comments from the staff member who receives the package of documents. Now all appeals are taken autonomously, directly through the state services portal. In this case, the application is accepted in the presence of the minimum required set of documents, and in case of refusal, its motives are clearly formulated with references to the norms of the law.
And, finally, fourthly, to submit an appeal, you do not need to repeatedly travel somewhere, print and copy a bunch of documents, stand in line, adjust to the mode of operation of the “service” of the window. Now the application can be submitted online from a convenient place for you and at any convenient (including non-business) time. Also, in your personal account on the portal, you can check the status of the application at any time – for this you no longer need to call or go anywhere. In addition, on the portal of state services in the personal cabinet, the previously submitted documents are retained, so when you apply again, they do not need to be submitted again. And it is very convenient and saves a lot of time.
– What gives the developers the inclusion in the GPZU of data on the passage of networks and the terms of connection to them?
These data are extremely important for investors and developers. Now with the help of GPZU they will be able to get more detailed information about the area of interest. Based on the received data, they will be able to make a more balanced decision about the prospects for the future of the project, more accurately calculate their costs, and in general decide how interesting to them a particular site for development. In the future, I believe, this can help reduce the force majeure situations with engineering networks, which periodically arise from developers during the implementation of projects. And, accordingly, the risks of delaying the delivery of houses, which often arise precisely because of problems with communications, will be reduced.
– What effect did you feel or expect from reducing administrative barriers in construction?
Reducing administrative barriers in construction, of course, simplifies the work of developers. All sorts of bureaucratic delays take a lot of time and resources from the developer. In addition, lengthy approvals often adversely affect construction schedules, which means that the developer has to either make up for lost time overtime or postpone the delivery of houses. A violation of the timing, in addition to the natural negative reaction of equity holders, leads to the payment of penalties and an increase in the expenditure side of the entire project. Therefore, I believe that the reduction of administrative barriers, this is an absolute plus for the industry – developers must concentrate their resources directly on construction, and not on the solution of various bureaucratic delays.
– What are the problems when connecting to networks, what should the city authorities do to improve order in this part?
The main problems arise when working with monopolies. In particular, in our project “Lobnya City” we agreed to allocate gas to the gas boiler house with a monopolist for more than three years, while under the contract the term is specified for two years. Now all the issues have been resolved, but due to the fact that it took much longer than planned, we were forced to postpone the delivery of houses. With local enterprises, for example, a vodokanal, to work, of course, is easier. Difficulties mostly arise from monopolists, since the results are always unpredictable.
– What should be done to further reduce the administrative barriers in construction?
The authorities and developers should work in close contact, discuss current problems and difficulties and look for ways to solve them. Such events can be held first of all with members of self-regulating organizations of the real estate market, such as NOZA, the Association of Developers of the Moscow Region, etc. In principle, today the authorities are already in touch and often take into account the opinion of major players in the market. Therefore, in this regard, I believe that the work is quite efficient.