90% applications are submitted in an electronic form
At the Moscow Urban Forum presented the results of work to improve the investment climate in construction. Sergey Levkin, Head of the Moscow City Planning Policy Department, spoke about the main reforms implemented since 2012. There was also a presentation of the sociological research conducted by VTsIOM “Administrative barriers in construction through the eyes of Moscow developers”, which is held every year to assess the opinion of representatives of the construction industry on key changes.
Network companies connect to the electronic database
– The first thing I would like to dwell on: the introduction of an automated system for issuing permits in the construction sector has been completed, – said Sergey Levkin. – In an electronic form, through the portal mos.ru, all basic state services of the construction sector are provided: starting with the registration of a town-planning plan of the land plot (GPZU) and ending with the commissioning of the object – 19 public services. Regarding the fifteen, we completely left the “paper” format.
Documents and information are requested directly from Moscow and federal authorities. In 2013, only 12% of applications were submitted electronically. In 2019, this figure reaches 90%. Developers significantly save their time, human resources, and as a result, the budget of the entire construction site.
In 2018, the services of resource-supplying organizations were standardized and transferred to the electronic form. Today, online applications can be filed for obtaining technical conditions, concluding a connection agreement, obtaining an act of technological connection. The project involves six network organizations: JSC “OEK”, PJSC “MOEK”, PJSC “MOESK”, JSC “Mosvodokanal”, JSC “Mosgaz”, JSC “Mosoblgaz”. Since the launch of the service, about 4,000 applications have been submitted on the mos.ru portal. In the near future, it is planned to convert the services of another network company, SUE Mosvostok, to the electronic form.
“As part of the optimization, we were able to significantly simplify the collection of information about the conditions and restrictions on the use of land for developers, which they need for preliminary project development,” the head of the department continued. The corresponding information infrastructure was created in Moscow – the Consolidated plan of underground communications and facilities and the Moscow Geofond. The composition of the GPZU has been significantly expanded: since 2017, it includes information on engineering networks located within the boundaries of the land plot and on technical conditions providing for the maximum load at possible connection points. Now we are working on the opportunity to provide the applicant together with the GPZU with archival materials of engineering surveys from the Information System for Urban Planning (ISCAS).
It is planned to create a geographic information system that allows real-time display of the location of connection points to engineering networks and availability of free capacity at each point on a 3D ‑ model.
The next reform concerns the conduct of verification activities – a so-called risk-oriented approach has been introduced in Moscow during inspections in construction. At the federal level, facilities are classified according to risk categories, including depending on the type of building, height of walls and area, destination, climatic conditions, and so on. “The basic principle of the risk-oriented approach is that the more complex the object and the higher the risks during its construction, the tougher the control and the more often the object is checked,” explained Sergey Levkin.
Moscow is introducing advanced foreign practices
Over the past few years, the time limits for key procedures have been reduced. Thus, the period of issuance of the GZZU is reduced to 20 working days; the term for issuing permits for construction and for commissioning the facility, the term for registering title to the facility is up to 7 working days.
The speaker also spoke about advanced foreign practices of state administration of construction, some of which have already been implemented in Moscow, some are at the stage of elaboration. “Simultaneous examination of documentation by different departments on one application is common abroad. The developer submits only one request and a single package of documents that are submitted for consideration to various authorities. In Moscow, this opportunity is realized when connecting to engineering networks from December 2018, says Sergey Levkin. – Often, in foreign practices, the developer is not obliged to register ownership of a newly built object, such an application is sent by the authority that issued the input permit. We have implemented this principle in part, only in relation to the objects of individual housing construction. ”
The head of the department stressed that Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin sets the goal of simplifying the process of interaction between representatives of the investment and construction community, and reducing administrative barriers. This can be achieved only if all the participants in the construction will be in a single information space. They should be a digital interaction platform, which is planned to be created on the basis of the information and technological infrastructure of the city.
Earlier, the deputy mayor of Moscow for urban planning and construction, Marat Khusnullin, noted that it was necessary to continue work to reduce administrative barriers in the regions. “Under the leadership of the head of the presidential staff, Sergei Kiriyenko, there was a specific study of the governors, how to do this, how to organize work to implement the task set by the president along the entire chain, including the municipalities,” said Marat Khusnullin.
Developers appreciate the regulatory changes.
A new approach to the provision of services in construction is the development of three types of integrated services. They differ in the type of interaction between the executive authorities among themselves in the framework of the provision of one service.
As Sergey Levkin said, the first type is parallel work with an application: several authorities provide several services that are independent from each other (this type has already been implemented in practice as part of the transfer of PCO services to electronic form). The second type is consistent work without the applicant’s participation: several authorities for one application consistently form several interrelated results of services. An example is cadastral registration of constructed objects based on a statement from the authority that issued the permission for commissioning, without the participation of the developer. And the third type is joint work with an application: several authorities form one result through interdepartmental interaction.
The figures confirm: the Moscow authorities are carrying out reforms successfully. Valery Fedorov, General Director of VTsIOM, reported that almost 60% of Moscow developers positively assess the changes that have taken place in the field of construction regulation over the past two years.
The All-Russian Public Opinion Research Center annually conducts a survey of representatives of the construction industry to study the opinion of developers on key reforms in the construction industry. About 1000 representatives of the construction industry of Moscow take part in the survey as managers, deputy managers or specialists who are in direct contact with the executive authorities and network organizations.
– The results of the study are generally positive. The greatest effect was noted by experts from the transfer of basic construction services to the electronic form – 65%. At the same time, 62% of respondents identified regulation as the most useful reform and the transfer into electronic form of network services for connecting to engineering networks, which have been provided through the mos.ru portal since the end of last year, said Valery Fedorov.
According to the study, the level of awareness among Moscow developers about the transfer of basic public services to electronic form is 66%. 56% of developers know about the provision of services for connecting to engineering networks in electronic form through the portal mos.ru.
Source: Newspaper “Moskovsky Komsomolets”