Administrative barriers go out of the construction
Developers are confident that the reform will have a positive impact on the construction industry
The Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion (VCIOM) interviewed about 1,000 executives of construction companies operating in Moscow on the intermediate results of the reform of the Moscow government aimed at reducing administrative barriers. Over the past year, experts noted a real reduction in the number of administrative barriers in construction, which confirms the optimality of the course of the city government. From the point of view of business, this helps to reduce the cost of facilities and reduce the construction time. Interaction with various organizations for administrative procedures did not undergo significant changes compared to the previous study (conducted in 2016). In the work of organizations related to the Moscow Construction Complex, improvements in work are more often noted. The interaction with network services are evaluated worse.
Developers appreciate the benefits
The participants of the VCIOM research expressed their opinion on the effect they felt from implementing the eight main directions of the reform to reduce administrative barriers. Transfer of state services and procedures for connecting to networks in an electronic form, including in the composition of the Town Planning Plan of the land plot (GPZU) data on networks and technical conditions of connection to them, simplification of the procedure for setting up the constructed object for cadastral registration, reduction of the registration term for the right to the construction object in Rosreestr, use and development (PZZ), the creation of a Consolidated Plan of Underground Communications and Structures, the transfer to the electronic form of the archive of the Moscow Geofund. More than half of the construction industry experts who took part in the survey noted the positive effect of each of the implemented reforms. The greatest benefit for developers was felt from the transfer of state services in construction to the electronic form (76.2% of respondents, which is 30% more than in 2016). 68.3% saw the positive effect of the inclusion of data on connection to communications in the GPRS, 65% positively assessed the ongoing work on transferring the technological connection procedures to the electronic form.
The overwhelming majority of Moscow developers are confident that the reform to reduce administrative barriers will have a positive impact on the construction industry. According to the head of the All-Russian Public Opinion Research Center Valery Fedorov, about 80% of respondents are confident that these reforms will lead to lower costs and construction costs. 76.9% of representatives of construction companies believe that due to the transfer of state services in the electronic form and simplification of procedures for issuing permits, it will be possible to shorten the construction period of the facilities. 49.2% said they would increase the safety of the constructed facilities, while 44.6% said that reforms would improve the quality of work.
Last year, when a similar survey was conducted, only 62% of developers believed that the Moscow government’s program to reduce the administrative barriers would lead to a reduction in the work period, while 58% said that the cost of construction would be reduced.
According to the VCIOM, builders no longer perceived administrative barriers as the main problem in conducting business. According to Valery Fedorov, almost 30% of the professional community are dissatisfied with the monopolization of the construction services market, 28% are concerned about the economic situation, 26.3% noted that the market is hampered by unfair competition, 25.4% are lacking orders, and 19.5% are concerned about the growth of the cost of services.
Today, the main problems faced by developers in the implementation of projects are issues related to the activities of resource-supplying organizations: submission of the same documents to MOEK (Moscow United Energy Company) and to the cadastre, duplication of documents in the coordination of external engineering networks, reconciliation with balance-holders of engineering communications, coordination in networks of related organizations of the same documentation, etc.
As part of the analysis of interaction with network services, respondents were asked to assess their satisfaction with working with these organizations. More than half of the developers are unhappy with the interaction. Meanwhile, the leaders of the rating are Mosoblgaz and Mosgaz. Accordingly, 44.6% and 43.4% of respondents noted satisfaction with the interaction with them. In the last place, MOEK – 40.3%.
The effectiveness of the portal “JustBuild” is noted by 70-80% of investors
According to VCIOM, awareness of reforms in the area of administrative regulation of construction is at an average level – about 32.8% of them know about it.
Among the sources of information, experts usually identify unofficial channels. Almost 40% of the work carried out by the Moscow government learns from colleagues, 28% – on the official mos.ru portal, 25.4% – on the websites of executive authorities of Moscow, 24.6% – from the media.
At the same time, Valery Fedorov noted that at the moment there are two successful innovations designed to increase the awareness of developers: the portal “JustBuild” and special training seminars “Work on mistakes”, conducted on a regular basis by the Department of Urban Development Policy of Moscow in conjunction with the Agency for Strategic Initiatives for participants of the construction market. Those executives of companies that attend seminars and use the portal highly value their effectiveness – at the level of 70-80%.
For the convenience of developers, several services have been developed that allow electronic answers to the main questions concerning their interaction with authorities. For example, the “Procedures Calculator”, available on the site “JustBuild”. According to Sergei Levkin, the head of the Department of Urban Development Policy, this tool is an information module that allows any developer at the initial stage of construction, to find out how much he will spend time on all the necessary procedures, where to go, how much it will cost.
He also noted that in the personal cabinet of the builder on the mos.ru portal the “Knowledge Base” is available – it is the adjusted regulated answers to the main questions arising from the builders in six areas of the Construction Complex.
Another service on the portal “JustBuild” – “Guide to Procedures” – will help you understand all kinds of state services in construction, provided in electronic form, find out what documents are needed, what are the terms of passing procedures, where you need to go and so on.
Reform unravels the network
In the summer of this year, a number of changes have been made in the provision of already existing services. First of all, they touched on the issuance of GPZU.
If earlier to submit documents for obtaining the Town Planning Plan of the land plot it was possible both in paper form and in electronic form, then from July 1, 2017 the service is provided on request exclusively in electronic form. In addition, the GPZU ceased to be documentation on the planning of the territory and actually became an extract from the sources established by law, including from the PZZ.
On July 1, the GPRS includes data on the technical conditions for connecting to communications. Prior to this, only two options were available: applications containing information on the engineering networks located within the boundaries of the land plot and on the issued preliminary technical conditions for water supply and sanitation. Now the document was supplemented with similar information from other resource-supplying organizations – “MOESK”, “OEK”, “MOEK”, Mosgaz, Mosvodokanal, Mosoblgaz (in the part of facilities located in the annexed territories ).
Since July 14, 2017, 17 redundant and redundant procedures have been eliminated when connecting capital construction projects to hot and cold water supply and sanitation systems. These measures will help increase the effectiveness of interaction between investors (developers) and resource-supply organizations.
Since August 20, developers can obtain an opinion on the compliance of project documentation with the Consolidated Plan of underground communications and facilities in the city of Moscow only via the Internet. Previously, this state service was provided in paper form. With the transfer of it only to the electronic form, the procedure for obtaining and registering a request, processing and issuing an opinion was simplified. The term of the service is 10 working days.
According to the plans of the Moscow mayor’s office, work to reduce administrative barriers will continue.
By 2019, it is planned to regulate procedures for technological connection to engineering networks. The city authorities set the task of establishing order in the sphere of providing services to resource-supplying organizations and increasing the transparency of these procedures. Together with the Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation, a roadmap has been developed, Moscow is one of the pilot regions for reforming this sphere.
The city administration is sure that the technical connection procedures should become clear and unified.
In addition, the procedure for connecting to utilities can be simplified as part of the housing renovation program. “Perhaps there will be a new kind of town planning document that will reflect the engineering support of the residential quarter,” said Deputy Mayor of Moscow on Urban Development Policy and Construction Marat Husnullin. – We plan to bring large backbone networks to the borders of quarters in a single channel, and then “divorce” them on the territory. As part of the renovation program, we plan to “roll over” this mechanism, in the future it will be used not only within the framework of this program”.
Marina Lubelskaya, Deputy General Director of the concern “Krost”:
“Previously, it took several years to get out with the approved part of the project. Today, the tasks facing Moscow do not allow us to spend so much time on administrative procedures. Comparing with other regions, Moscow is number one in terms of loyalty to the developer, on removing administrative barriers. ”
Anatoly Frantsev, President of GC Ingrid:
“In recent years, a big step was made towards the developers. The system of filing documents was regulated, the terms of registration of all papers were regulated. If to compare with the situation for the last 10 years, then the changes are cardinal. At the same time, questions remain about the accession of new facilities to engineering networks. Of course, there are progresses, but so far this is the weakest link. Undoubtedly, the system work carried out by the city is happy, I am sure that the situation will gradually improve “.
Pavel Bryzgalov, Strategic Development Director of FGC “Leader”:
“I would like to note the introduction of the possibility of submitting electronic versions of documents through a “One window”- the port of state services, which significantly reduces not only the temporary but also the financial costs of the developer. This functional really works, it is convenient and easy to use. We regularly use the “Developer’s Office” in our company. The resource is easy to use, the control mechanism has become simpler. Now it is physically impossible to delay the tasks, because the system automatically controls the timing of execution, excluding the human factor. “
Nadezhda Bashbinar, CEO of Storm Properties:
“The GPZU includes data on the passage of networks and the technical conditions for connecting to them. We are talking only about preliminary technical conditions for maximum volumes, since it is problematic to accurately analyze the required loads without detailed calculations for a specific project when issuing a GPZU. From the point of view of the builder, the greatest benefit for a preliminary estimate of the possible connection costs at the stage of receiving the GPZU would be information about possible points of connection to networks and data on their owners. Unfortunately, now many networks inside the MKAD are working at the limit. Reconstruction and increase in the capacity of existing urban networks often fall on the shoulders of developers with significant costs even before the start of construction and opening sales. In order to balance the balance of power, I would like that – if issuing the GPZU, the city really assessed the provision of the future facility with all necessary communications and went to meet the developers in connection issues.”
Source: Journal of Engineering Structures