All-in-one: new format of GPZU makes developer’s life easier


The construction industry is one of the key engines of the economy for the country as a whole, as well as for the given city. This is especially true for the capital being a business card of the country at the international level and a role model for the regions. The Moscow authorities are working hard to make the construction sector more attractive for investors, which is particularly important in times of economic crisis. Their efforts are focused primarily on the reduction of administrative barriers and facilitation of technical procedures of preparation for construction works.

The main document

The first administrative procedure for starting construction works (apart from registration of land and property relations) is obtaining a development plan of a land plot (GPZU). This is a necessary stage of any project for all developers.

GPZU is the basic document required to conduct construction activities, it determines the potential of construction on a certain plot, contains full information about the options and possible restrictions for land development.

GPZU is issued by a government agency (in Moscow – Moskomarkhitektura) at a request of a land owner. Upgrading of the process of obtaining GPZU is an essential part of the work on facilitation of technical procedures and lowering administrative barriers.

Tsvetkova Lyubov Chairman of the Board, Association of Investors of Moscow (AIMOS)
Previously, a developer spent a lot of time, money and effort to collect the necessary information on the conditions, characteristics and limitations of a certain land plot meant for construction, including data on utility networks and conditions for connection to them. It was necessary to get permits and approvals from all parties involved, particularly from grid companies and Mosgorgeotrest. This resulted in significant traffic, time and organizational costs. Now developers will get all the information within one service – GPZU. It is worth mentioning that the term for obtaining the document does not increase, and the process does not require additional expenses and effort on the part of developers.

At the last briefing on April 14 Sergey Levkin, Head of the Moscow Department of urban planning policy, told about innovations related to the issuance of GPZU in Moscow.  He said that on March 29 the Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin has signed a decree #137, which introduces a number of amendments to the procedure of preparation, approval, amendment and cancellation of GPZU. This decree is truly pathbreaking: on the one hand, it extends the data included in GPZU, on the other, it facilitates the procedure for its obtaining.

According to the document, from May 20, 2016, provisions for inclusion in GPZU technical conditions for connecting to water supply and sewage networks, as well as the situational plan of underground utilities and structures located in the boundaries of a land plot, came into force. The implementation of this standard will not require additional effort from developers: only one application is necessary for obtaining both GPZU and technical conditions. Moskomarkhitektura will get all necessary information in electronic format without the involvement of an applicant.

As noted by Sergey Levkin, the reform aims to provide a developer maximum information on all the town planning conditions and restrictions for the development of the territory within the boundaries of his land plot within GPZU. “This became possible due to the creation of the Consolidated Plan of underground utilities and structures of Moscow and to the transfer of the provision of technical conditions of Mosvodokanal in e-format on the portal of state and municipal services (functions) of the city of Moscow”.

The decision to upgrade GPZU with data on technical conditions and utility networks has already received the approval of Ministry of Construction of Russia, Ministry of Economic Development of Russia and the Agency for Strategic Initiatives. A new format of GPZU, approved by the Ministry in April of this year, involves the inclusion of information on preliminary technical conditions of connection to all types of networks, with the exception of electric mains.

“Now we are starting to issue GPZU with data on connection to the sewage and water supply networks, and by the end of the year we plan to include in GPZU information on connecting to electric power lines. Currently, we are actively working with grid organizations. We have to do a lot more, in the first place, to develop the consolidated plan of existing utility networks of the city,” commented on the ongoing work Marat Khusnullin, Deputy Mayor of Moscow in the Moscow government on urban policy and construction.

In April 2015, a resolution №164-PP was adopted; it abolished the need for consideration of GZK (Urban Planning and Land Commission) and reduced the term of obtaining GPZU for small residential and retail facilities outside of historic development.

In e-format

Consecutive transfer of state services to electronic format is carried out in Moscow. From April 11, 2016, the provision of state service “Preparation, approval, amendment (re-registration) and abolition of development plans of land plots” is carried out exclusively in electronic form.

“In the area of urban development, we strive to develop a full cycle of services in electronic format – from land grants to construction permits. First and foremost we focus on transferring to e-format the most popular services,” explained the Chairman of the Committee on state services of the city of Moscow Elena Shynkaruk. 29% of applications for the service to obtain GPZU in 2015 were submitted electronically.

Nowadays 12 of 15 state services in the field of construction are available in electronic format. “Today, 12 services and functions are rendered by the executive authorities of the Moscow Construction Complex in e-format. The service of obtaining excavation permits and permits for other works in the field of urban land improvement, provided by UATI (Union of Administrative Technical Inspections), started to be provided via the portal of state services this year,” said Sergey Levkin, Head of the Moscow Department of urban planning policy.

The list of services provided in electronic format, is constantly expanding. Thus, in December of 2015 the service of obtaining excavation permits and permits for other works in the field of urban land improvement, provided by UATI was launched in e-format via the portal of state services. In August of 2016 two services will be transferred to electronic format: approval of PSTS (project specific technical specifications) and validation of estimated value of capital construction projects. In November, 2016, the service of issuance of certificate on compliance of documentation to the Consolidated Plan of underground utilities and structures will be provided online; the data from the Consolidated Plan will be available in December.

According to statistics, 81% of applications for state services in construction industry are submitted exclusively in electronic format. Despite the economic crisis, the number of applications for GPZU in Moscow is growing: since the beginning of 2016 Moskomarkhitektura has issued more than 667 GPZU.

These data indicate that the measures taken by the Moscow authorities to lower administrative barriers and optimize e-document management system, contribute to attraction of investment in construction industry and make the process of obtaining government services clear and transparent. All this creates favorable conditions for development of construction sector in Moscow, which plays a key role in the economy of the city.