All-in-one: new format of GPZU makes developer’s life easier
The construction industry is one of the key engines of the economy for the country as a whole, as well as for the given city. This is especially true for the capital being a business card of the country at the international level and a role model for the regions. The Moscow authorities are working hard to make the construction sector more attractive for investors, which is particularly important in times of economic crisis. Their efforts are focused primarily on the reduction of administrative barriers and facilitation of technical procedures of preparation for construction works.
The main document
The first administrative procedure for starting construction works (apart from registration of land and property relations) is obtaining a development plan of a land plot (GPZU). This is a necessary stage of any project for all developers.
GPZU is the basic document required to conduct construction activities, it determines the potential of construction on a certain plot, contains full information about the options and possible restrictions for land development.
GPZU is issued by a government agency (in Moscow – Moskomarkhitektura) at a request of a land owner. Upgrading of the process of obtaining GPZU is an essential part of the work on facilitation of technical procedures and lowering administrative barriers.
At the last briefing on April 14 Sergey Levkin, Head of the Moscow Department of urban planning policy, told about innovations related to the issuance of GPZU in Moscow. He said that on March 29 the Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin has signed a decree #137, which introduces a number of amendments to the procedure of preparation, approval, amendment and cancellation of GPZU. This decree is truly pathbreaking: on the one hand, it extends the data included in GPZU, on the other, it facilitates the procedure for its obtaining.
As noted by Sergey Levkin, the reform aims to provide a developer maximum information on all the town planning conditions and restrictions for the development of the territory within the boundaries of his land plot within GPZU. “This became possible due to the creation of the Consolidated Plan of underground utilities and structures of Moscow and to the transfer of the provision of technical conditions of Mosvodokanal in e-format on the portal of state and municipal services (functions) of the city of Moscow”.
The decision to upgrade GPZU with data on technical conditions and utility networks has already received the approval of Ministry of Construction of Russia, Ministry of Economic Development of Russia and the Agency for Strategic Initiatives. A new format of GPZU, approved by the Ministry in April of this year, involves the inclusion of information on preliminary technical conditions of connection to all types of networks, with the exception of electric mains.
In April 2015, a resolution №164-PP was adopted; it abolished the need for consideration of GZK (Urban Planning and Land Commission) and reduced the term of obtaining GPZU for small residential and retail facilities outside of historic development.
Consecutive transfer of state services to electronic format is carried out in Moscow. From April 11, 2016, the provision of state service “Preparation, approval, amendment (re-registration) and abolition of development plans of land plots” is carried out exclusively in electronic form.
“In the area of urban development, we strive to develop a full cycle of services in electronic format – from land grants to construction permits. First and foremost we focus on transferring to e-format the most popular services,” explained the Chairman of the Committee on state services of the city of Moscow Elena Shynkaruk. 29% of applications for the service to obtain GPZU in 2015 were submitted electronically.
The list of services provided in electronic format, is constantly expanding. Thus, in December of 2015 the service of obtaining excavation permits and permits for other works in the field of urban land improvement, provided by UATI was launched in e-format via the portal of state services. In August of 2016 two services will be transferred to electronic format: approval of PSTS (project specific technical specifications) and validation of estimated value of capital construction projects. In November, 2016, the service of issuance of certificate on compliance of documentation to the Consolidated Plan of underground utilities and structures will be provided online; the data from the Consolidated Plan will be available in December.
These data indicate that the measures taken by the Moscow authorities to lower administrative barriers and optimize e-document management system, contribute to attraction of investment in construction industry and make the process of obtaining government services clear and transparent. All this creates favorable conditions for development of construction sector in Moscow, which plays a key role in the economy of the city.