Andrey Kurilov: e-diary of construction to be created in Moscow
The Head of Information and Analytical Office of Department of Urban development of Moscow Andrey Kurilov told a journalist of Urban Development and Construction Complex about new developments of Construction Complex designed for builders and about further plans to convert state services to e-format in 2017.
Andrey Fedorovich, what e-services have been created for developers by specialists of the Construction Complex recently? Are they in demand?
We have launched “Cabinet of Developer” and also presented “Calculator of Procedures” at the Moscow Urban Forum this year. These services have already proved their efficiency.
Tell us more about “Calculator of Procedures”. What is it for, what are its advantages and who can use it?
Calculator of procedures helps to get information on the sequence and terms of construction procedures at all stages of project implementation and lifetime.
The new service is focused on developers. They can promptly obtain exhaustive information about all the steps of implementation of building project in Moscow. They just need to choose the type of object, its settings, characteristics of the land plot and other urban development conditions and restrictions, as well as the necessity of connection to utility networks including individual housing construction objects. As a result we can find out how long the construction cycle will take from pre design stage up to commissioning a facility.
Almost two months have passed since the launching of Calculator. How much it is in demand?
We have temporarily opened access to the Calculator for all Internet users in order to expand the target audience and to popularize this data resource. To date calculator has been used more than 270 times.
What are the plans of development of “Cabinet of developer”?
“Cabinet of developer” contains the whole list of construction projects of a certain company. It also contains exhaustive information about each object including links to issued documents, information about inspections at construction sites as well as about the instructions and even fines.
The Construction Complex together with Information Technologies Department intends to increase the number of services in “Cabinet of developer”. As of today for the objects of city order it has been already created the option of submitting an e-application for project documentation approval after obtaining positive conclusion of expert examination.
The significant area of work is informing investors on the implementation of administrative reform in construction sector. Nowadays the project of creating united call-center of the Construction Complex is on the way, the main target audience of which will be developers. They can contact call-center via telephone, e-mail or “Cabinet of developer”.
What other innovations to help construction companies does the Construction Complex prepare?
Currently the project of creating site diary of construction in electronic format is ongoing, it is developing by the Construction Complex in collaboration with Information Technologies Department. Presently such documents are processed solely in a hard copy format. E-diary can be used as a contemporaneous record of events at construction site. It is going to be a genuine breakthrough.
Who keeps similar diaries now?
Principal contractor or chief resident engineer keeps all diaries. Developer is responsible for providing and availability of the e-diary. The Moscow State Construction Supervision Committee staff checks availability of the diary, approves it and fills up the section dedicated to inspections. The Moscow State Construction Supervision Committee also checks the quality of keeping a site diary.
What parameters are entered by specialists when visiting a construction site? What is the current procedure of inspection and how it will change after introducing of e-diary?
The diary is filled up at construction site by resident engineers – i.e. employee of a construction company, which is involved in implementation of a project. The diary is a day-to-day record of construction activities, used mechanisms and operating conditions on the certain construction site. The information is added to a site diary on a daily basis. Let us take for instance a brickwork or excavation works. The diary specifies building materials used, temperature, air humidity etc.
What are the advantages of e-diary?
First of all introduction of e-diary will allow reducing the time spent on its filling. Some information will be filled up automatically from the relevant reference books. The reports of planned inspections and their results will be filed from the information system of the Moscow State Construction Supervision Committee.
Secondly, building owners, developers and the city will have access to the current and relevant information on the progress of works on construction sites; that will help to increase efficiency of control and monitoring of construction works.
Thirdly, introduction of standard requirements for keeping site diaries will enable to obtain analytical findings on the progress of construction works.
When e-diary is going to be introduced?
We are going to complete the development of e-dairies until the end of 2016, then we will select pilot construction projects for introduction of this new tool. Introduction of e-dairies will be launched until the next spring. At first selected pilot developers will be forced to keep two site diaries at once – a hard copy and an electronic. It is also necessary to train specialists for this work. Maximally automatic e-diary is the first step to introduction of BIM technology at the stage of construction and construction control.
But the issue of BIM technologies is terra incognita for many developers and state officials. There is no regulatory and legal framework for full-scale introduction of BIM tech. When the situation can change?
BIM technology is an upcoming trend. Meanwhile it is important to notice that as of today information model requirements are not ensured in law, and existing standards, rules and regulations are aimed at traditional engineering.
We should enhance regulatory and legal framework for proceeding to BIM technology in engineering. But we are not standing still. Now the Moscow State Expert Committee conducts simultaneously the expert examination of projects presented as information models and as traditional project documentation. One of the advantages of proceeding to BIM tech is an opportunity to find errors in a project automatically which in turn saves expert’s time, reduces the term of conducting examination.
The question at issue is professional personnel. They ought to be prepared to work using BIM tech, but not everyone understands workflow…
Sure. The Moscow State Expert Committee will be a talent foundry after proceeding to full-scale execution of this process.
In your opinion, has it become easier and faster to build in Moscow?
Moscow is an absolute leader in transferring state services to e-format. It has become much easier to build in Moscow.
What are plans of transferring state services to e-format for 2016 and 2017?
This year we have combined 2 services: GPZU (development plan of a land plot) of the Moskomarchitektura (the Moscow Architecture and City Planning Committee) and technical specifications of Mosvodokanal (Moscow Water and Sewage Company).. We have completed all the plans set for this year. 12 state services are provided in e-format and the most of them are rendered only via the Internet. More than 80% applications for obtaining state services are submitted in e-format.
The plan of transferring state services to e-format in 2017 is now submitted for approval. I can say we are planning to transfer to e-format the following state services of Mosgosekspertiza (the Moscow State Expert Committee): approval of project technical specifications (PTS) and validation of estimated value for objects of the state order for the city of Moscow.
Also we intend to transfer services of grid companies to e-format. This issue is in progress now. It is important to notice that not everything depends on the city. There are issues in grid organizations too. It is necessary to upgrade their information systems, to integrate them with information systems of the city, to make amendments of legal acts. It is quite a complicated process, but not at all an unlikely scenario.
What are the main current difficulties for developers while passing through administrative procedures?
The most of problems are resolved by now. At least those that depended on executive authorities. All the procedures are 100% transparent and are provided in e-format. Developer knows in details the status of his application: when it was received by the authorities, what procedures it is getting through in the furtherance of providing a service.
However, the services of grid organizations have not yet been involved in electronic document processing. We started to convert services of the Construction Complex to e-format from 2013 and have made a great progress in 3 years. If we manage to transfer services of the grid organizations in a short space of time and ensure their provision with the same quality, it will be another breakthrough.