Beijing is interested
China studies Moscow’s experience in converting public services in construction to electronic form
In recent years, Russia has made notable strides in simplifying various administrative procedures in construction. In the annual report of the World Bank Doing Business 2019, it was noted that in terms of the availability of obtaining a building permit, the Russian Federation for one year rose immediately by 67 positions – from 115th to 48th place. Such a noticeable advancement was the result of reforms carried out in Moscow and St. Petersburg regarding the conversion of construction services to electronic form – currently in these cities more than 50 different construction procedures are available in electronic form. Today, Moscow is the only region in which electronic archives of surveys have been created: a geofund and a consolidated plan of underground utilities and structures.
Other countries are also interested in the capital experience. Recently, a delegation of the Beijing administration and the Ministry of Finance of the PRC visited Moscow. The purpose of the visit was to get acquainted with the organization of work of the Moscow Construction Complex and the system of interaction with developers. Chinese officials were especially interested in the electronic services and applications used in Moscow for processing various permits. Chan Yunhon, Deputy Director General of the Department of International Economic and Financial Cooperation of the Ministry of Finance of the People’s Republic of China, explained that Moscow’s experience attracted attention in China after Russia significantly improved its position in the World Bank ranking. “Naturally, we were interested in the question, due to which it was possible to do this, and we are ready to adopt the experience of the Russian capital,” she said, emphasizing that China also has electronic systems and platforms for developers, but they are less effective than Moscow.
And the deputy head of the Beijing Municipal Commission for Development and Reform, Dai Yin, noted that reforms are also being carried out in the Chinese capital to convert administrative procedures in construction into electronic form. “We were very interested in the experience of Moscow in expanding the composition of the urban development plan for the land plot (GPZU), which has recently included information on the technical conditions for connecting the capital construction project to utilities and on underground utilities located within the boundaries of the land plot,” said Dai Yin. “Collecting such information on electronic platforms can have a positive impact on the speed of project implementation.”
For her part, Nadezhda Karavanova, deputy head of the Moscow city planning department, said that the Russian capital was ready to share its experience with representatives of Beijing. To date, Moscow has created a closed loop for the provision of public services in electronic form. On the main city portal mos.ru, you can apply for nineteen services: from the issuance of the GPZU to commissioning. At the same time, fifteen services are provided exclusively in electronic form.
At the same time, Moscow does not intend to stop there. For example, today a unique digital service is being developed, which should bring together all administrative procedures and processes of interaction between participants in the construction industry. Work on the creation of a single digital platform is being carried out jointly with the Ministry of Construction and the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia. It is assumed that thanks to this platform all services will be provided comprehensively on one application. In fact, this means that the project will move from one stage to another in an automated information mode without additional requests and requests from the developer. “We are working on a concept and are starting to create a single digital platform for urban development,” the head of the urban policy department, Sergey Levkin, told reporters. “This will be a single resource available for all executive bodies involved in the construction sector, as well as for developers.”
Noticeable improvements in simplifying administrative procedures are also noted by developers. So, according to the results of a study conducted by the All-Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion (VTsIOM), almost 60% of Moscow developers positively assess the changes that have occurred in the regulatory sphere over the past two years. “The main problems in construction, according to developers, are monopolization of the market, lack of financial resources, as well as corruption. At the same time, only 11% of respondents noted the problem of obtaining permits, and this figure is decreasing every year, ”said Valery Fedorov, VTsIOM Director General.
Source: Construction Newspaper