In recent years, the Russian capital is experiencing a real construction boom. In the city, metro and railway networks are actively developing, world-class sports facilities are being built, new quarters and districts are emerging, parks and public spaces are being built. In the last seven years almost 60 million square meters of various real estate have been built in Moscow. All these successes could not have been, had it not been for the reduction of administrative barriers and the simplification of “paper” procedures in the construction industry.
One of the priorities of the work of the Moscow government in recent years is the simplification of administrative procedures in construction. This led to an increase in the investment attractiveness of the city both according to Russian and foreign ratings, and according to experts. The result of the purposeful work of the Moscow government in this direction was the qualitative changes in the construction industry, and the confirmation of this is the establishment of an open dialogue between business and government. Several years have gone into the analysis of the situation, the synchronization of work with network organizations and federal agencies. During this time, the main approaches were developed and the most “weak spots” in all construction work were identified.
With the active participation of Moscow specialists, a roadmap for reducing administrative barriers in construction was developed and approved. It clearly identified the tasks facing each department and the expected results. The document also spells out the need for information support for urban development.
Already in 2016, Moscow authorities ruled out five redundant procedures in the construction sector. In addition, state construction supervision procedures for low-risk facilities and procedures for reconciling the architectural and town-planning solution for small non-residential facilities on the outskirts of the city were excluded. In parallel, the formation of a consolidated plan for underground communications and facilities in electronic form began. Work began on the translation of the Geofund in terms of engineering surveys into an electronic form.
The Moscow government adopted a resolution abolishing the need to obtain permission for the construction of some types of small networks of engineering and technical support. In the future, work to reduce the administrative pressure on the business and the costs of developers acquired a systematic nature. For example, several years ago Stroykompleks adopted an innovative decision to include information on underground communications and facilities in the Town Planning Plan of the land plot (GPRS), as well as on preliminary technical conditions for connection to networks.
ABBREVIATION – TERMS
Another help in the work of developers was an online service for developers “Calculator procedures.” Anyone can go to the site and use a simple algorithm for calculating the necessary documentation for the construction of a particular object. With the help of this service, you can quickly get all the information about step-by-step implementation of the construction project in Moscow. To do this, you need to select the type of object, its parameters, characteristics of the territory and other urban planning conditions and restrictions, the need to connect to networks, including for individual housing construction. As a result, you can find out how much the entire construction cycle will take: from pre-project preparation to putting the facility into operation.
It is also important that the timing of the various procedures are constantly reduced. Only last year, from 30 to 14 days, the deadline for issuing GPRS was reduced, from 28 to 14 – the final inspection of state construction supervision, from 30 to 15 – an estimate of the reliability of the estimated cost of reuse projects. In total, the passage of these administrative procedures now takes 55 days.
However, work to reduce barriers will continue in the future. For example, in the near future, the city authorities plan to approve the rules for introducing changes to the rules of land use and development (PZZ) in Moscow. It is assumed that the procedure itself with the approval of the new document will be substantially simplified. This is eagerly awaited by the capital’s developers and developers.
The rules of land use and development were approved in Moscow in March 2017. Any town-planning activity can be carried out only within the framework of the adopted PPZ: they determine what can and can not be built in any zone, what are the maximum parameters of construction. In particular, the development of projects for the planning of the territory is possible only in accordance with the Rules. The need for strict adherence to town planning documents led to the fact that only 1227 applications for changing the PZZ were submitted to the Moscomarchitecture in just one year. Now the elaboration of all these amendments takes a long time and is rather complicated in design. It is assumed that the new regulations will allow applications to individuals, legal entities and individual entrepreneurs through the state services portal. That is, without leaving on the street, through the personal cabinet, anyone can go to the state services portal, fill out an application for making changes to the PZZ and send it with the help of an electronic digital signature.
The city authorities intend to continue work to simplify the document management system in the construction sector. In particular, the possibility of simplifying the procedure for introducing changes to the Town Planning Plan of the land plot (GPRS) is already under consideration. As explained by the deputy mayor of Moscow on urban policy and construction Marat Khusnullin, investors are sometimes forced due to some small amendments to stop construction and incur huge losses before agreeing amendments.
– We have a preliminary agreement on the need to simplify the mechanism for making amendments with the federal Ministry of Construction. There are cases when, due to small adjustments, the construction of large facilities stops, “the head of the Construction Complex added.
RENOVATION IS A DRIVER
A powerful driver in this work also promises to be the program of renovation that started in 2017. The construction of a residential building in Moscow is about four years, taking into account the passage of about 110 administrative procedures and the connection of all engineering. Such rates can delay the program for decades, and the city authorities are interested in ensuring that Muscovites receive comfortable housing in the framework of resettlement as soon as possible. Renovation has become a locomotive for making decisions to accelerate the erection of apartment buildings without loss of quality.
In addition, the renovation program will lead to a large-scale reconstruction of networks in Moscow. An important document has already been developed – a comprehensive scheme of engineering support for territories, which allows to analyze the location of networks, their parameters, the trajectory of passage, and even before the construction of the house. Also, to optimize procedures on April 10, 2018, Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin signed a resolution regulating the placement of line objects in the framework of the renovation program on the basis of permission to use the land. You can get this permission in just 10 days. To date, work is underway to obtain electronic terms of connection, acts, agreements on accession to all types of engineering networks.
Optimization of all the processes of building houses is now being tested in the framework of the renovation program, and in the future it will be extended to the entire industry and will substantially simplify the work for Moscow developers. The decisions taken and the planned reforms will accelerate the construction and connection to the networks of all construction projects in Moscow.
Note that the capital developers have already assessed the positive effect of the reforms. According to the results of a survey among developers conducted by the All-Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion (VCIOM), 80% of the respondents positively assessed the main step of the authorities – the transfer of services online, while 48% felt positive from the transfer of services of network companies in electronic form. In addition, 62.2% felt that all measures implemented would significantly shorten construction time.
It is gratifying that work on reducing administrative barriers finds understanding at the federal level. Thus, the new Minister of Construction and Housing and Communal Services of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Yakushev, plans to work on simplifying procedures in the construction sector.
“We need to simplify procedures as much as possible, while not forgetting about security and other things that should be strictly observed,” Vladimir Yakushev said shortly after his appointment.
Source: “Vse o mire stroitelstva” magazine