Construction is a tool for country development
Andrey Bochkarev on the preliminary results of the Stroycomplex in 2020, the commissioning of housing, the feat of Moscow builders during the pandemic and what will help the industry to develop dynamically in the future
Despite the difficulties faced by the economy in the difficult 2020, Moscow builders greeted their professional holiday with optimism. Real estate commissioning indicators since the beginning of the year are comparable to last year’s volumes. How many housing is being built in Moscow today, how did the capital’s builders manage to amaze the whole world by building a modern hospital in a month, how the adopted federal laws will help to build objects faster and cheaper – this and much more is our conversation with the Deputy Mayor of Moscow on urban planning policy and construction Andrey Bochkarev.
– Andrey Yuryevich, last weekend, Moscow builders, like their colleagues in other regions, traditionally celebrated their professional holiday. With what results did the capital’s Stroykompleks approach it in this difficult year? How much housing, in particular, was built?
– Fortunately, the spring restrictive measures had almost no effect on the volume of commissioning of real estate, including housing, because most of the facilities were completed before the pandemic, and then, already during the period of the restrictive measures, the commissioning of many buildings was transferred online. And today the figures are even higher than planned. For seven months in Moscow, almost 5.3 million square meters were commissioned. meters of real estate – more than half of the annual plan. Of this volume, about 2.4 million “squares” were housing, which is also higher than planned values and is comparable to last year’s volumes, which, recall, were colossal – two and a half times higher than the same period in 2018! In addition to housing, 10 kindergartens and two schools, seven sports facilities, four cultural facilities, five medical institutions were commissioned, of which one is an infectious disease center in new Moscow – outside the annual plan, during the pandemic, we built from scratch in just one month. Five hotels and apart-hotels, nine administrative and business buildings, 18 retail and public facilities were commissioned.
– The news about the feat of Moscow builders, who built a modern hospital in Voronovsky in a month, spread all over the world in the spring. How did you manage to implement the project in such a tight time frame?
– The main factor is human. Nobody believed that we would have time to meet the monthly deadline. Only 20% of developers thought it was possible, the rest said it was unrealistic. Nevertheless, when I asked those who were not ready to raise their hands, there were none. The contractors quickly got involved in the work and realized that it was quite possible to build a hospital in such a timeframe.
On March 11, we went to the site, where there was an empty field, and on April 17, the facility was put into operation. In fact, within a month we designed and installed communications, carried out the construction of buildings, delivered and installed equipment, and launched the facility. The speed of construction was also influenced by the fact that we applied very interesting methods: parallelization of work, batching, a number of management methods that have been tested and successfully justified themselves at many serious objects abroad, at large objects of the petrochemical industry, and so on. Work in Voronovskoye was carried out around the clock, we gathered an unprecedented number of people and equipment at one site: 11 thousand people and 1.5 thousand units of construction equipment. This has never happened before in the history of Moscow construction projects.
– Is it possible to build other objects in the future in this mode? And is there a need for this?
– The tight deadlines for the construction of the hospital were dictated by an emergency situation. But in general, we have handed over objects in an accelerated mode before. In particular, such experience is available in the metro construction. But, of course, during the construction of the hospital, everyone showed themselves just brilliantly. We are already analyzing a number of measures, colleagues are looking at how they can apply them in all areas of work in the city: organizational schemes for the construction of roads, subways and other facilities. The experience in Voronovsky has shown that with even more organized work, the efficiency and speed of construction can be multiplied. Nevertheless, in a normal situation, each object in the fast mode does not need to be built – there is no need. Moreover, it is overvoltage. But in general, it is possible and necessary to shorten the time frame, and hence the investment cycle, and to ensure the return of money to the economy faster.
– By the way, on the issue of reducing the construction time: how, in your opinion, will the federal government’s decision to reduce the number of mandatory rules and regulations in construction from August 1 affect the construction processes?
– The decision to transfer almost a third of the standards to the recommendatory category is the most important measure to simplify the design and construction processes. Cancellation and departure from the outdated regulatory framework will save time and money, but will not affect the safety of the facilities under construction. The earlier set of mandatory standards hindered the use of the latest work methods, technologies and building materials, and now their use will become easier.
I would like to especially note that the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Marat Khusnullin, who is in charge of our industry, has done a great job to optimize the legislation. He himself is a builder, he personally went through all this. Most of the proposals from the capital’s Stroykompleks were prepared with his direct participation throughout 2019. And so far nine federal laws have been passed, including more than 50 amendments that will help the industry. This is welcome. After all, one must not fight the construction site – one must love and support it. Then the country’s economy will begin to grow faster. Construction is a tool for the country’s development.
– How is the housing renovation program progressing?
– In order not to slow down the program, during the pandemic, we transferred many processes online. In particular, 100% of public hearings on the remaining 89 projects of territorial planning were held in this format. We also selected new launch sites online. As a result, to date, 435 of them have been approved with a town-planning potential of almost 7 million square meters. meters. In order to prevent the program from lagging behind schedule, after the lifting of the restrictions regime, we increased the number of builders at the facilities by 20%. The program is going well. Since its start, 60 residential buildings have been commissioned, of which 56 have been transferred for settlement. Of the 24.4 thousand people currently in the process of relocation from 149 houses that will be demolished, more than 18.7 thousand have already celebrated a housewarming party. 171 houses are currently under construction, another 88 are being planned. 25 Khrushchevs, of which Muscovites have already moved, have been demolished.
Housing is being built in industrial zones as part of their reorganization. How many have already been built since the beginning of the year and what volumes do you expect by the end of 2020 as a whole? What industrial zones are in priority and how many of them are planned to be given for redevelopment?
– Industrial zones continue to develop actively. But, what is important, complex. Therefore, not only housing is being built there, but also infrastructure within walking distance. According to the results of the first half of this year, 2 million square meters were commissioned in the industrial zones as part of their redevelopment. meters of real estate – 50 objects, including two kindergartens and a school. By the end of the year, we plan to commission about 3.85 million square meters in industrial zones. meters, with only 1.88 million “squares” of housing, the rest – social infrastructure and facilities where jobs are formed within walking distance. Thus, we create a convenient and comfortable city. Among the most actively developing industrial zones, one can name ZIL – the world’s largest industrial zone, which is turning into one of the most beautiful and comfortable districts in Moscow. The industrial zones “Serp and Molot”, “Graivoronovo” and “Vostryakovo” are also priority projects. In total, we plan to reorganize about 70% of the capital’s industrial zones.
Source: Moskovskaya perspektiva