Constrution. Barriers demolished
Developers expect the reform to reduce the time and cost of construction
The Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion (VCIOM) found that developers expect a positive effect from the realization of the program to reduce administrative barriers in construction. 80% of the surveyed executives of companies operating in the capital are confident that the cost of work will be reduced, and almost the same number is waiting for a real reduction in the duration of the construction cycle. However, with the passage of various procedures still have enough questions. The main ones are connected to the network connection. The activities of resource-supplying organizations are not transparent, and there is no single regulation for the provision of services. The federal authorities intend to solve this problem jointly with the Moscow government. However, it will not be necessary to restore order until the end of next year.
VCIOM interviewed 1,000 executives of construction companies operating in Moscow to learn their views on the reforms being carried out by the Moscow government in reducing administrative barriers. This work began five years ago. And today, as sociologists have found out, we managed to achieve tangible results. Interviewed by VCIOM, the builders talked about the effect they felt from the implementation of the eight main directions of the reform. The transfer of state services into an electronic form, the inclusion of data on networks and technical conditions for connection to them, simplification of the procedure for setting up a facility for cadastral registration, Registration of the right to the object of construction in Rosreestr, the adoption of the Land Use and Development Rules, the creation of a consolidated plan for underground communications and facilities, transfer to the electronic form of the archive of the Moscow Geofund. More than half of the construction industry experts who took part in the survey noted the positive effect of each of the implemented reforms. The greatest benefit developers have felt from the transfer of state services in construction in the electronic form, this was noted by 76.2% of respondents. By the way, last year the same indicator was 30% less. 68.3% felt the positive effect of including data on connection to communications in the Town Planning Plan of the land plot, 65% positively assessed the ongoing work on transferring the technological connection procedures to the electronic form.
Many Moscow developers are confident that the reform to reduce administrative barriers will have a positive impact on the construction industry. “About 80% of the respondents believe that these reforms will lead to lower costs and construction costs”, said Valery Fyodorov, general director of VCIOM. 76.9% of representatives of construction companies believe that due to the transfer of state services to the electronic form and simplification of the procedures for issuing permits, it will be possible to shorten the construction period of the facilities. 49.2% said they would increase the safety of the constructed facilities, while 44.6% said that reforms would improve the quality of work. Last year, when a similar survey was conducted, only 62% of developers were confident that the Moscow government’s program to reduce administrative barriers would lead to shorter work periods, while 58% said that the cost of construction would be reduced.
According to the VCIOM, builders no longer perceived administrative barriers as the main problem in conducting business. According to Valery Fedorov, almost 30% of representatives of the professional community are dissatisfied with the monopolization of the construction services market.
28% are concerned about the economic situation, 26.3% noted that the market is hampered by unfair competition, 25.4% are lacking orders, and 19.5% are concerned about the growth in the cost of services. Administrative barriers are not among the main problems of the industry. Last year it was indicated by 5% of the builders.
Today, the main problems faced by developers in the implementation of projects are issues related to the activities of resource-supplying organizations: submission of the same documents to MOEK and to the cadastre, duplication of documents in the coordination of external engineering networks, reconciliation with the balance-holders of engineering communications, reconciliation in Networks of related organizations of the same documentation, etc. In the framework of the analysis of interaction with network services, respondents were asked to assess the satisfaction with working with e Organizations. The data obtained were disappointing. No resource-supplying organization could overcome the 50% threshold. This means that more than half of the developers are unhappy with the interaction. Meanwhile, the leaders of the rating are Mosoblgaz and Mosgaz, so 44.6% and 43.4% of respondents noted satisfaction with the interaction with them. At the last place MOEK (heat) – 40.3%.
As the head of the department of urban policy Sergei Levkin said, the reforms in the administrative sphere will continue. According to him, network organizations are not state organizations, their activities are not transparent, and there is no single regulation for the provision of services. Therefore, the city authorities set themselves the task of establishing order in this area. The government of the Russian Federation in conjunction with the Ministry of Construction supported the initiative. At the moment, a “roadmap” has been developed to address the problem. “We are planning that in 2017-2018, the main work will be completed, we will make the procedures for technical connection clear and unified, and investors will have another tool”, said Levkin.
Summarizing the survey of developers, Valery Fedorov said that over the past year, experts noted a real reduction in the number of administrative barriers in construction, which confirms the optimality of the course of the city government. From the point of view of business, this helps to reduce the cost of facilities and reduce the construction time. However, according to developers, the process of reforming the construction regulation should be even and balanced – so that the reforms carried out do not affect negatively the quality and safety of the constructed facilities. Interaction with various organizations for administrative procedures did not undergo significant changes compared to the previous study (2016). In the work of organizations related to the Moscow construction complex, improvements in work are more often noted. The interaction with network services is worse.
Source: “Moskovskaya perspectiva”