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Sergey Levkin on reducing administrative barriers in the construction and renovation program
Conducting a construction business in Moscow has recently become more comfortable. The government of the capital has been working for several years to reduce administrative barriers. The Moscow Perspective correspondent talked with the head of the Moscow City Planning Policy Department, Sergei Levkin, about tasks in optimizing procedures and reducing administrative pressure on the construction sector, about the progress and prospects of the renovation program.
Sergey Ivanovich, the department is conducting systematic work to optimize procedures in the construction industry. What results were achieved and what decisions became the most significant?
– Since 2012, a whole range of measures has been implemented that allows developers to build faster and easier in Moscow.
For example, the implementation of an electronic system for issuing permits in the construction sector has been completed. Today, in electronic form through the portal mos.ru, all basic public services are provided, ranging from the design of the GPZU and ending with the commissioning of the facility – a total of 19 public services. At the same time, with respect to 15, we completely moved away from the paper format of interaction with developers.
Since 2018, one of the main areas of streamlining of procedures has been the transfer to the electronic form of services of resource-supplying organizations. So, since December 2018, mos.ru has implemented a unique service that allows you to receive RMS services electronically, including as part of filing a single application for connecting to several types of resources at once. Six network organizations participate in this project – JSC OEC, PJSC MOEK, PJSC MOESK, JSC Mosvodokanal, JSC MOSGAZ, JSC Mosoblgaz. Judging by the number of applications filed to date – more than 4.5 thousand requests – this service is becoming quite popular.
We also managed to greatly simplify the collection of information on the conditions and restrictions on the use of land for developers. Thanks to the created information infrastructure, it has become easier for them to receive the information necessary for the preliminary elaboration of projects.
A Consolidated Plan of Underground Communications and Facilities was prepared in Moscow. At the same time, the composition of the GPZU (urban development plan of the land plot) was significantly expanded, which includes information on engineering networks located within the boundaries of the plot and on technical conditions that provide for the maximum load at possible connection points.
How demanded are the services in electronic format?
– Electronic services are in high demand among the investment and construction community of Moscow. Judge for yourself, if in 2013 only 12% of applications were submitted electronically, then in 2019 this figure exceeds 90%. Plus, entrepreneurs themselves note that the problem of administrative barriers is not so urgent for them.
But we are not going to stop there. We will continue to improve the provision of network organizations’ services via the Internet, including as part of a single application for technical connection to utility networks. We plan to connect other organizations to the service, for example, GUP Mosvodostok.
The possibility of providing the applicant with the GPZU archival materials of engineering surveys from the information system for providing urban planning activities (ISOGD) is also being studied. It is planned to create a geographic information system that allows real-time 3D models to display the location of points of connection to engineering networks and the availability of free power at each point.
It is impossible to simplify the process of interaction between representatives of the investment and construction community without creating a single information space. The solution should be a digital interaction platform, which is planned to be created on the basis of the information technology infrastructure of the city of Moscow. Today, proposals for the implementation in Moscow of a project to provide comprehensive services in construction based on a digital interaction platform are being actively developed.
Will the capital’s housing renovation program help accelerate efforts to reduce procedures and barriers?
– We set ourselves such a goal that the program was implemented on time and Muscovites live as little time as possible under construction conditions. Therefore, it is in the general interest not to delay the construction; optimization of procedures in this case will only benefit.
What has the city managed to do since the start of the renovation program?
– We can say that the renovation program has entered the active stage of implementation. The resettlement of 69 houses, which are located in 18 districts, has begun. About 13 thousand Muscovites live in these houses.
In early July, Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin approved six new sites in four districts, and at the end of the month – nine more located in five districts of the city.
To date, 338 launch sites have been approved and the selection of new ones continues. However, I want to note that finding land in the city is not so easy as at the very beginning of the program. We are increasingly coming under various kinds of restrictions and burdens, including those related to utilities. But there is an understanding: the more efforts we put in at the starting stage, the more actively the renovation program will begin to be implemented.
Currently, 118 houses are under construction, 43 objects with a total area of 497 thousand square meters have been commissioned. meters, projected about 150 objects.
Last year, the renovation program began the relocation of more than 10 thousand people. The task of this year is to begin the resettlement of at least 12 thousand Muscovites.