Metropolitan experience will be expanded
Reform of the construction industry continues despite crisis and pandemic
The Russian government and regional authorities are taking the necessary measures to support both developers and the real estate market as a whole. Along with this, systematic and long-term work is underway to reform the entire industry. Thus, the conditions are created for the growth and development of this segment of the economy, after crisis phenomena are overcome.
Moscow for many years has been the flagship of the urban sphere, urban studies and architecture in Russia. Often, it is metropolitan builders who are the first among their colleagues to introduce new technologies or materials. At the same time, the city building complex regularly initiates new models of interaction between developers, authorities and business, here these schemes are being tested. If successful, innovations are subsequently replicated to other regions of the country. The most effective solutions that allowed for the implementation of more than one landmark project in the capital were digitalization and the transition to work on public procurement facilities with a single company.
About 10 years ago, the functions of a single operator of the metro development program in Moscow were transferred to the Mosinzhproekt city engineering holding. According to Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin, this made it possible to build and launch hundreds of kilometers of tunnels and dozens of subway stations in a short time. In addition, a large-scale reconstruction of the Luzhniki stadium before the World Cup was carried out by the specialists of this company and a unique Zaryadye park was built near the Kremlin. Design, execution of the functions of a technical customer, construction and delivery of materials during the implementation of these projects were carried out by one general contractor – the operator company. However, in the regions this practice of organizing the construction process is not common. “Previously, in the context of competition between participants in the construction process, all these functions were divided into four stages: each time a new competition, each time a new participant. Unfortunately, the lack of professionalism and disunity leads to the fact that the final object can not be delivered on time, in the right amount of money and with the right quality, ”said Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin. Recently, deputies of the State Duma adopted the necessary amendments to the legislation. Thanks to the new approach to government procurement facilities, a unified engineering company created by regional authorities will be able to fully implement the project and assume the risks of managing it from the time of design to the moment the finished facility is transferred to the customer, including the fulfillment of warranty obligations. According to experts, the switch to the construction of turnkey state orders will not only reduce the time from three months to a year, but also improve the quality.
Other areas of work that continues, despite the difficult epidemic situation, are the conversion of construction services into electronic form, the dissemination of BIM technologies, improvement of technical regulation rules, as well as standards in construction and urban planning policy, and reduction of administrative barriers.
It is significant that here too there is a transfer of the Moscow experience to the federal level. Recall that the digitalization of the industry in the capital began in 2011, and to date, 22 services are already provided in electronic form, with 18 of them exclusively in the “paperless” version. Thus, by the beginning of 2020, the share of online applications for public services in the construction sector in Moscow exceeded 90%. In fact, the developers were tasked with creating a closed loop for the provision of electronic public services – from the submission of the GPZU (urban development plan of the land plot) to the registration of the constructed facilities for cadastral registration. Now, similar work is being carried out nationwide: already today, the Ministry of Construction and their colleagues in the Ministry of Communications are actively working on converting construction services into electronic form: for a number of services, design is underway, for the rest – the final approval of the technical task. According to the forecast of Marat Khusnullin, a number of construction services in the largest regions will be converted to electronic form by the end of the year.
A natural continuation of the process of digitalization of public services in construction is the transition to information modeling technologies. According to government estimates, this process can take about two to three years, and it is associated, according to experts, in many respects not only with the technical capabilities of supervisory authorities and developers, but also with the mentality of customers and designers.
The Deputy Prime Minister also has questions regarding the standards of technical regulation, standards in construction and urban planning policy. “Today in civil engineering, from the idea to putting the objects into operation, it is necessary to go through 100 procedures and spend more than five years. Of these, the construction itself takes only two years, ”said Marat Khusnullin and emphasized that the rules for managing the construction process need to be changed.
Source: Moskovskaya perspektiva