Moscow 2019–2023: new challenges
In five years, a new breakthrough in urban development is planned in Moscow. In this Sergey Sobyanin will be helped by the “team of builders” headed by the deputy mayor, the head of the Complex of urban planning policy and construction Marat Husnullin. The Moscow building complex is distinguished by a well-coordinated structure, professional staff, clear coordination between the individual blocks and the willingness to quickly and efficiently solve the most complex tasks.
Changes in the structure of the city administration, which were made by Sergey Sobyanin after the inauguration, did not affect the Complex of urban planning policy and construction. This largest block of the Moscow government still consists of three departments and four committees, the close interaction of which makes it possible to effectively solve tasks in the priority areas for Muscovites, primarily in housing and transport construction. The deputy mayor Marat Khusnullin, one of the “oldest” members of the mayor’s team, will continue to lead the overall management of the complex: he was first appointed to his position on December 2, 2010.
Marat Khusnullin oversees two state programs – “Urban Planning Policy” and “Dwelling”, developed by the building complex, and also oversees the implementation of the remaining 16
state programs in terms of design and construction. Within the framework of the state program “Urban Planning Policy”, a new trend is being formed for the integrated development of urban areas, the advanced development of transport infrastructure and the creation of a favorable urban environment. This approach makes it possible to eliminate the imbalances that have accumulated over the two previous decades, and to increase the investment attractiveness and competitiveness of the metropolitan metropolis. Over the next five years, the construction complex expects to completely overcome the distortions of the old town planning planning: the street-road network will increase by 100 km annually, commissioning 58 subway stations will provide hundreds of thousands of Muscovites with high-speed transport, and polycentric development and integrated development will bring jobs closer to their homes.
Confidence in the implementation of these ambitious plans gives a four-year program of budget investments: in terms of investment per capita, Moscow ranks 7th among the largest cities in the world, while the city budget costs about a third of the total construction, and 86% comes from extrabudgetary sources. Only in new Moscow, investors have already invested 0.8 trillion rubles, by 2020 this figure is expected to reach 2.5 trillion rubles, and by 2035 – 7 trillion. In addition to the AIP, a three-year list of construction of investment objects is formed annually in the capital, which includes the kindergartens, medical centers and schools that residents need.
Another state program – “Residence” – solves a narrower, but perhaps one of the most important in the eyes of the residents task related to the increase, renovation and maintenance of the housing stock of Moscow. As far as housing is concerned, the capital is still noticeably inferior to other regions: 19 sq. M per resident. meters Over the next five years, due to the renovation program, it is planned to increase the number of housing being built according to the state order, and to maintain investment housing construction at the existing level.
The coordination of both state programs is carried out by the Department of Urban Development Policy, which Sergey Levkin will continue to lead. The Office should ensure that the strategic objectives set out in the program documents do not diverge from the current plans. Therefore, his powers include forming lists of facilities for AIPs, improving the regulatory framework in order to reduce administrative barriers, and controlling the commissioning of all facilities, regardless of funding sources. In addition, the Department of Urban Development Policy will continue to coordinate two large projects – the comprehensive development of the center of Moscow and the renovation of obsolete housing stock.
When the lists of facilities for the AIP have been formed and approved, the construction department headed by Andrey Bochkarev takes over. The Office places the state order for the design, construction and reconstruction. By 2023, the construction department should complete the construction of 70 km and 31 stations of the Big Ring Line (BCL), complete the Kozhukhovskaya metro line and the already started sections of the Zamoskvoretskaya and Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya lines, bringing the total length of the urban subway to 555 km. In cooperation with Russian Railways, the project of creating Moscow central diameters will be implemented in five years, and the major routes — the North-Western, Northeast, Southeast chord, and South Rocade — will form a full-fledged high-speed ring around Moscow. One of the priorities of the department of construction will also remain the objects of the state program “Housing” and social infrastructure.
After the expansion of the borders of the capital in 2012, the Department for the Development of New Territories (DSTR) appeared in the structure of the building complex, which implements an integrated approach to the development of the territories of New Moscow and their successful integration into the urban planning system. At the expense of budgetary and private funds, housing and schools, kindergartens and roads, polyclinics, engineering infrastructure facilities are being built in TNINA, new jobs are being created. Over the next five-year period, emphasis will be placed on the development of the transport frame – in particular, the construction of the Ring Road, the Moscow Ring Road doubles and the subway line. “New Moscow is also very attractive for the construction of technology parks, logistics centers, office and business sites. The creation of just such an infrastructure for the construction complex of Moscow is the most important assignment of the mayor of the capital, Sergei Sobyanin, ”said Vladimir Zhidkin, head of the DSTR.
All departments within the structure of the building complex carry out their work in close cooperation with each other, as well as with four committees – Moskomstroyinvest, Moscow City Architecture Committee, Mosgosstrojnadzor and Mosgosekspertiza. In particular, the Moscow City Architecture Committee, which is headed by Juliana Knyazhevskaya, on the order of the town planning policy department, develops projects for planning development areas, design solutions for state-owned objects, and also holds architectural competitions for the most iconic projects, including investment ones. The first deputy Knyazhevskaya has the status of the chief architect of Moscow: this post will continue to be occupied by Sergey Kuznetsov. The Moscow City Architecture Committee in the construction complex is waiting for the timely release of city documentation on renovation and industrial zones, which remain the most important resource for the development of the city.
Moskomstroyinvest, remaining under the leadership of Konstantin Timofeev, will continue to monitor compliance with the law in the field of shared construction. The main task for the medium term is the implementation of amendments to 214-FZ and the gradual transition from shared construction to project financing, the need for which was declared by Vladimir Putin. In addition, the most important function of the committee is to ensure the work of the Urban Planning and Land Commission (SLC), which, under the chairmanship of the mayor, addresses the most important issues in the field of urban planning.
In turn, Moscow State Expertise, which since 2017 has been headed by Anna Yakovleva, will continue to carry out an examination of state-order objects for quality and reliability. The concomitant effect of this work is budget savings. In particular, only in seven months of 2018, the estimated cost of construction was reduced by 89 billion rubles. – this money will be directed to the implementation of other projects significant for the city. After entering the site, Mosgosstroynadzor is in close contact with the construction department: it monitors compliance with standards and safety regulations, issues permits for construction and for commissioning facilities. Oleg Antosenko will continue to lead the committee.
The optimal structure and precise coordination allow the construction complex of Moscow to quickly and efficiently solve the most complicated tasks that the city leadership sets before the builders. By 2023, a new breakthrough in urban development is planned in the capital, associated with the completion of major infrastructure projects and the entry of the renovation program into the active phase. Well, let’s check in five years …
Source: Moscow Perspective