Passenger traffic of transport hubs ensures investment payback
This year, the Russian capital is launching a new stage in the struggle with traffic jams: the city is ready to lease land for construction of transport hubs (TPU) “Seligerskaya”, “Rasskazovka”, “Park Pobedy” and “Lefortovo”. They will be based on the same metro stations, three of which are under construction.
Typical scheme of transport hub (in section)
Moscow has undertaken preliminary work for this step. The Moscow Institute of the Master Plan has developed a program for construction of transport hubs, which should evenly cover the urban area. It is planned to build 271 TPU.
Of these, 102 transport hubs will be based on a simple principle: plane park-and-ride facilities with canopies over public transport stops and redevelopment of the adjacent territory.
Another 169 hubs will be constructed as complex multi-level buildings with parking lots, waiting rooms, public transport stops. Using a covered walkway passengers will easily transfer to different kinds of transport. They do not even have to go outside, so this type of transplant is called “dry feet”.
However, a major transport hub involves providing passengers different kinds of services, creation of infrastructure facilities. It is not only about shops, cafes or restaurants, TPU will host medical and sports centers, banks and post offices, etc.
This so-called commercial component of the TPU project allows the city to attract private money in construction.
Investor who decides to invest in TPU, receives technical requirements for the technological part of the project. Of course, it makes the financial model of the project less interesting for a potential developer. However TPU projects will be interesting in terms of investment and return on investment, promise representatives of confident Moskomstroyinvest.
“Commercial projects will cover the costs for building transport infrastructure and provide a profit. Transport hubs projects give opportunities to build commercial facilities, as soon as projects are not limited to the transport infrastructure, and there is surrounding area with potential for urban development,” said the Chairman of Moskomstroyinvest Konstantin Timofeev.
Social planning of TPU
Interestingly, the scheme of capital transport hubs is determined by the so-called “social planning”, i.e. by interviewing residents of the area of the future TPU.
As explained by the director of the transport hubs of JSC “Mosinzhproekt” Anton Tatarchuk, marketing and other kinds of research is carried out for each project. They help to find out what functions of commercial real estate will be in most demand in a particular area.
For example, residents of the area next to the metro station “Park Pobedy”, the future location of TPU, gave a clear answer in a social survey – they want to preserve the apple orchard. “The apple orchard on Kutuzovsky Prospect is situated there for half a century. It is also a favorite vacation spot of locals and visitors to the area, as the Poklonnaya Hill and the Victory Park. So we immediately set condition for designers: not a single tree should be cut down during the construction of the TPU,” told Marat Khusniullin, Deputy Mayor for urban policy and construction.
Massive passenger traffic guarantees investors a good return on investment costs. For example, a supermarket as part of TPU will be in demand for a simple reason of saving time. Before that a passenger had to get to a supermarket (or another service center) on surface transport, and then take another bus or trolley to get home. With TPU this transport chain is reduced to a metro + TPU + service centers (shops).
In the words of the partner of the Japanese architectural bureau Nikken Sekkei (engaged in design of transport hubs) Fadi Jabri, TPU can act as a full-fledged center of attraction in the area.
“If it is necessary to solve the problem of transfer – this implies one way and it can be quickly solved, and if you create a full-fledged center of attraction, then it is another way. You must work in cooperation with the owners of the adjacent land plots, owners of adjacent cultural facilities. We need to create a huge team, which should work together,” said the expert.
TPU “Lefortovo” can be taken as an example. It will become the new leisure center in the district on the basis of the metro station of the Third interchange circuit.
The cinema “Sputnik” is situated in this area, which will be reconstructed in the course of the TPU construction project. Popular garden square near the cinema will be kept after a comprehensive landscaping. The skating rink will also be preserved, the project implies adding there a skate hire shop and a children’s playground. The restaurant will be reconstructed; the small surrounding streets will be expanded and repaired. As a result, there will be a green recreational area and a place for relaxation for the residents of the area.
Urban land improvement of the territory of TPU “Lefortovo”
The specialists of JSC “Mosinzhproekt” classified the transport hub “Lefortovo” as a TPU with a low workload. Besides the metro station, there is the tram line (the tram stop will be linked with the station by underpass) and 5 routes of surface public transport.
Underground space of TPU “Lefortovo”
After commissioning of the metro station the passenger traffic of the transport hub will amount to 13.5 thousand people per day. To compare, the traffic of the largest Moscow TPU will amount to more than 100 thousand passengers daily.
The TPU can also host offices and hotels. It is a usual case in foreign practice to allocate offices above the transport galleries of metro or railway stations.
“This is a very difficult task to attract investment for construction of transport hubs, as it is necessary to observe the interests of the city and at the same time to take into account interests of investors. For example, an investor is interested to provide a part of the passenger space for commercial facilities. But, again, it’s not very good to make obstacles for passenger traffic,” said Fadi Jabri.
This means that it is very important to reconcile transport and commercial components of TPU in order to make it convenient to passengers making transfer from one kind of transport to another.
For example, in the TPU “Seligerskaya” it is planned to build a large multifunctional shopping mall, a large bus station for inter-regional and suburban routes, a parking for 800 cars, a taxi stand for 1.2 thousand vehicles and a network of underground passages.
Transport hubs will be repaid by housing
The interest of investors in construction of transport hubs can be maintained by another commercial project – housing construction. TPU “Rasskazovka” suits here as an example: this project implies construction of residential complexes with a total area of 220 thousand sq. m. with a school for 810 pupils and a kindergarten for 350 kids. A new office complex will be built next to new homes – its facilities will host administration of the settlement Vnukovo and a court.
Construction site of the metro station “Rasskazovka”
The station “Rasskazovka”of Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya line will be the heart of the TPU; its commissioning is scheduled on 2017. It is situated on the border of West and Novomoskovsky districts of the capital. Initially, the passenger traffic will be about 9.2 thousand people in rush hour, and after a few years it will amount to 25.8 thousand. It is predicted that by 2030, the station will be used by 210 thousand people a day.
Moscow is committed to engage investors in construction of transport hubs, so as to share the responsibilities for construction of transport infrastructure. In some cases, this partnership will fully compensate for these costs.
“What is the TPU? In fact, it is a transport hub, located at the intersection of several types of public transport – for example, the metro, railway, buses. This is the place of flocking passengers who change one mode of transport to another, so the passenger traffic is very intense. Any commercial facility which will be built here, will be in high demand,” said Marat Khusnullin.