The Moscow experience in digitalization of the construction industry will extend to the whole country
From August the 1st, the number of mandatory requirements for the safety of buildings and structures will be reduced by 30%. Excessive and overlapping norms were not included in the new list of national standards and codes of practice approved by the government. This step was a continuation of a large-scale work to reduce administrative barriers in the construction industry. According to the calculations of the authorities, this will have a positive effect on the investment climate in all areas of development.
The technical regulations, in force since 2014, contain more than 10 thousand separate requirements for the safety of buildings and structures, and all these years have not been adjusted. This version of the document by now no longer corresponds to the new development priorities of the construction industry, including the introduction of modern materials and technologies, taking into account environmental changes and other innovations. Moreover, it does not take into account the best practices of the competitive standardization systems of the European Union, China, USA, Japan.
After the new rules come into force on August 1, their number will decrease by almost three thousand. This is the result of a revision of the list of national standards and codes of practice adopted at the end of 2014. Its updating was carried out with the active participation of representatives of the professional and expert community, as well as taking into account the experience of the most successful regions of the country. The head of the Moscow Department of Urban Development Policy Sergei Lyovkin is convinced that reducing the number of these mandatory requirements by a third will allow for a number of projects to reduce the construction time, as well as the number of Special Technical Specifications (STU) being developed. “As a result, the industry will receive a tool for the implementation of new design and construction technologies, that is, the variability of the applied design solutions will increase,” the official said. At the same time, Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin emphasized that the reduction of administrative barriers will not affect the safety of construction. “We did a great job and canceled only unnecessary and duplicating norms. We believe that the remaining requirements are sufficient to ensure complete safety during the construction and operation of facilities,” he explained.
According to experts and market participants, the abolition of redundant procedures on such a scale will also have a positive effect on the investment climate in the construction industry. For example, Gennady Shcherbina, President of Etalon Group, evaluates such government initiatives as a positive signal for business. “This will speed up the approval process and optimize the timing of the implementation of residential projects. Ultimately, this will increase the stability of construction companies and reduce the volume of associated costs. Thus, the proposed measure will become a real and significant help for the entire industry, ”he said. Developers are also convinced that the removal of some of the regulatory requirements will in no way affect the quality of the development product. Many of these standards are already outdated and are nothing more than bureaucratic obstacles. In addition, modern technologies of design, production of building materials and construction provide high reliability of structures and proper quality of engineering filling. In turn, the president of the National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (NRU MGSU), Professor Valery Telichenko, noted the need for constant updating of building codes and regulations, as well as GOSTs. “I believe that the transfer of part of the current Russian requirements in construction to the category of advisory ones will help to strengthen responsibility for decisions made, should increase the culture of application of building codes, contribute to their development”, Telichenko said.
The federal government plans to continue working to simplify administrative procedures in the industry. “I would like to note that the current reduction in the number of mandatory requirements is only one of the first steps. We plan to continue this work and further reduce the burden on business from the supervisory authorities, ”said Marat Khusnullin.
Even Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke about the need to restore order in the rule-making in the construction sector. So, in May of this year, he instructed the government to prepare proposals to simplify licensing procedures in construction. “Any SNIPs,“ wheezing ”and quasi-participants in the process that have attached themselves to this type of activity – they must finally be cleaned out, in the end. We need to put things in order there, ”the head of state noted. In light of this, the Russian government plans to change approaches to management in construction and simplify administrative processes. Currently, a national economic development plan is being prepared, where construction is one of its key drivers. According to preliminary estimates, more than 100 legislative initiatives will need to be prepared to solve the set tasks.
Source: Moskovskaya perspektiva